Media forum on Urban Health was held with media professionals on November 22, 2016 at Center for Urban Health Development, Zewditu campus/Addis Ababa University
The Center for Urban Health Development-Ethiopia is committed to advance urban health in Ethiopia and sharing lessons learned from global and national initiatives. The Center serves as a knowledge hub (information center) for urban health in Ethiopia.
One of the strategies to make urban health evidences in to use is through mobilization and engagement of media firstly provision of evidences to media professionals thereby ensuring their report evidence informed and secondly helping them eternalize level of urban health challenges are considered important strategies. In view of this, CUHD-E envisions to engage media professionals in Ethiopia.
The participants were coming from Bisrat FM, Ethiopian News Agency, Ethiopian Broadcasting Corporate, Ethiopian Herald, Ethiopian Press and Ethiopian Federal Ministry of Health. The main objective is to equip media professionals with understanding on urban health dynamics in Ethiopia and help them appreciate contexts on ground.
The first presenter was Dr. Mirgissa Kaba from the School of Public Health of the Addis Ababa University. His presentation focused on determinants of health inequality/inequity in urban Ethiopia. In his presentation, he highlighted the alarming rate of urbanization globally and in developing world including Ethiopia. Although urbanization is associated with better economic and social transformations, very little is known about differences in health outcomes within urban setting. Those in an informal settlement and slum areas have least benefited from such improvements worse indicators than even the rural residents in countries with the best maternal health indicators. In his presentation, Dr. Mirgissa also highlighted the multiple sources of health inequalities in urban settings.
He also raised the inequity not only in economic perspective but also on health determinants. But media professionals and other bodies have aggregated evidence for urban health context and within urban a variety of disparities exist, that is why we call up medias to see and appreciate this disparity with in urban. This day’s urbans are expanded horizontally not vertically especially in developing countries. We can see that cities have got major challenges to avail basic facilities for thier residents. Improving daily living conditions and multi-sectoral and coordinated responses were mentioned to be critical to tackle health inequalities in urban settings in the country.
Finally, Dr. Mirgissa stressed that this center is established for all sectors (experts, media professional, health bureaus and others), we have urban health books, journals and other urban health related data, so you can come and use this data as you want.
The second presenter Mr. Dawit briefly highlighted the rationale to engage media professionals with urban health and brief introduction of CUHD-E. In his presentation highlighted, the JSI – AAU/SPH partnership in implementing Strengthening Ethiopia’s Urban Health Program (SEUHP) with major aim of generating evidences that will inform policies and strategies for urban health programming in Ethiopia. The main objectives of the media engagement is to equip media professionals with understanding on urban health dynamics in Ethiopia and help them appreciate contexts on ground.
Collaborative initiative between Addis Ababa City Administration Health Bureau and the School of Public Health of the Addis Ababa University
The Addis Ababa City Administration Health Bureau (AACAHB), the School of Public Health (SPH) of the Addis Ababa University and JSI has held a half day consultative meeting on May 04, 2016 at Kaleb hotel, Addis Ababa. The meeting was planned following the signing of the Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) signed between AACAHB and SPH on April 13, 2016.
The main objective of the meeting was to have common understanding of the MoU, and identify areas of collaboration and draft short and long term plan of action. The purpose of the MoU was to clarify and establish partnership roles between the two institutions to enhance public health in Ethiopia in general and improve the health of urban population in particular.
A Team of two people from Urban Health program have participated on the 13th International Conference on urban health which was held from April1-4 in San Francisco
A team of two people from Urban Health program have participated on the 13th International Conference on Urban Health which was held from April 1-4, 2016 in San Francisco, USA. The overarching theme of the 2016 International Conference on Urban Health was Place and Health.
The conference involved national and international scholars, educators, practitioners, policymakers, and institutions in health and related sectors to share findings, methodologies, and technologies and to strengthen and create research and education collaborations focusing on the urban environment as an important “place” in population health research, interventions, and policies.
Two study findings implemented by JSI-SPH joint Urban Health program were presented by Dr. Mirgissa Kaba and Mr. Israel Mitiku during the conference. One of the papers was on ‘Determinants of vulnerability to HIV in urban settings in Ethiopia’. The other presentation was entitled ‘Why women in urban settings fail to use available maternal health services: a qualitative study in selected towns/cities of Ethiopia’.
National Urban Health Think-Tank Group Established
As part of the initiative to improve urban health in Ethiopia, the Federal Ministry of Health (FMoH), the SPH/AAU and JSI-Ethiopia has established a national Urban Health Think-Tank Group on February 3, 2016 in the presence of Dr. Zufan Abera, the Ethiopian Health Extension Program Directorate Director at Ethiopia's Federal Ministry of Health, along with representations from USAID, and other stakeholders and partner organizations.
The national Urban Health Think-Tank Group was established in recognition of the multi-sectoral and multi-disciplinary nature of urban health representing different sectors, disciplines and motivation that are directly or otherwise associated to urban development in general and urban health in particular.
The main objective of “Urban Health Think-Thanks in Ethiopia” is to provide discussion forum and guidance on urban health development in view of global, regional and country level contexts. The forum is expected to generate state of the art ideas/opinions that may contribute to improved urban health programming and policy guidance.
A Panel Discussion on Urban health concerns in Ethiopia was held on the 27th EPHA annual conference
A panel discussion on the ‘Urban health concerns in Ethiopia’ was among the eight panel discussions held on the 27th EPHA annual conference held with the theme of “Attending Universal Health Service Coverage and Sustainable Development Goals to Health: Opportunities and Challenges”. The conference was held at the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa from February 22-24, 2016. The panel discussion on Urban health concerns in Ethiopia was held on the 3rd day of the conference. The panel was moderated by Prof. Mengesha Admasu from the EPHI and Dr. Zufan Abera from the FMoH. The panelists were from JSI-Ethiopia, the School of Public Health of Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa water and sewerage authority, and SNV. The central issues raised by the panelists were: Urban health: global and Ethiopia perspective; Determinants of health inequality in urban settings; Partnership action for urban health; and Sustainable sanitation, transformation for pre-urban and urban Ethiopia: experiences and lessons.
Mr. Zelalem Adugna from JSI-Ethiopia made presentation on Urban health: global and Ethiopia perspective. In his presentation, he highlighted public health evolution, effects of Globalization on how vulnerability to health risks is transcending boundaries and cultures, changes of risks and disease burdens and health concerns in Ethiopia. The panelists also highlighted measures that could help in address health problems in urban settings. Generation of evidences, enacting and enforcing policies son cigarette smoking, prohibition of tobacco advertisement and education of adolescents on health risks of smoking were among the recommendations made critical to handle the growing health problems in urban settings in Ethiopia.
The second panelist was Dr. Mirgissa Kaba from the School of Public Health of the Addis Ababa University. His presentation focused on determinants of health inequality/inequity in urban Ethiopia. In his presentation he highlighted the alarming rate of urbanization globally and in developing world including Ethiopia. Although urbanization is associated with better economic and social transformations, very little is known about differences in health outcomes within urban setting. Those in an informal settlement and slum areas have least benefited from such improvements worse indicators than even the rural residents in countries with the best maternal health indicators. In his presentation, Dr. Mirgissa also highlighted the multiple sources of health inequalities in urban settings based on the findings from the social determinants study conducted by researchers where he was among the authors. Finally, iimproving daily living conditions and multi-sectoral and coordinated responses were mentioned to be critical to tackle health inequalities in urban settings in the country.
Mr. Zeleke Teferi from Addis Ababa water and sewerage authority made a presentation on partnership action for urban health. In his presentation, Mr, Zeleke focused on Framework for Integrated Water Resources Protection Addis-Adama, whose objective is to ensure water security to the population within a project named Source to Tap and Back (S2T&B). Intermittent supplies and poor-functioning of existing infrastructure, Low level of Water availability, high levels of non-revenue water, lack of capacity, and lack of cooperation between Addis Ababa City Administration and potential conflicts were mentioned to be challenges to the aforementioned project implementation. Consolidated collaborative framework for integrated water resource protection was among the solutions forwarded to tackle the challenges to S2T&B project.
The fourth topic for the panel discussion was Sustainable Sanitation, Transformation for Peri-urban and urban (SSTPU) Ethiopia- Experience and lessons. The presentation was made by Mr. Gadisa Hailu from SNV. The presentation focused on Global Dynamic of urbanization and Sanitation/hygiene, and challenges of sustainable sanitation in urban settings. In his presentation, Mr. Gadisa also highlighted what SNV has done on sanitation, SNV experiences and lessons learnt from SSTPU project.
The above issues sensitized participants and through discussions were made. Some of the specifics issues raised by participants were: the roles of EPHA in solving urban health problems in Ethiopia, and motivation of young researchers to further explore the issue. Moreover, other health issues in urban settings like solid and liquid waste disposal, pollution, health effects of edible oil, and river pollution were part of the panel discussion.